If you have ever been to any torrent site you might have noticed these tags in front of movie names: R5, TS, DVDRip etc. It would usually be something like this:
[Name of Movie] DVDRip XviD-NeDiVx.
Here NeDivx is the name of the warez group that released this particular movie. Some of the famous groups are aXXo, IMAGINE etc. Xvid is the Video codec used for the compression and decompression of the video.So what exactly do these tags mean?
Here are some of the most popular tags that you should know about:
CAM or CAMRIP: Mostly the first rip to come out, cam rips can quickly appear online after the first preview or premiere of the film. A cam is a theater rip usually done with a digital video camera. It usually is of poor video and audio quality consisting of shaky, out of focus video and since the sound is taken from the microphone of the video camera, it too is of poor quality and often the sound of audience can be heard in the background.
TELESYNC (TS): The video quality in telesync is often the same as than of camrip. What is different is the sound quality. In telesync an external audio source is used. A lot of the times a telesync is filmed in an empty cinema or from the projection booth with a professional camera, giving a better sound as well as video quality.
DVD-SCREENER (DVDscr) : A screener (SCR) is an advance screening of a film sent to critics, awards voters, video stores (for their manager and employees), and other film industry professionals, including producers and distributors.A screener normally has a message overlaid on its picture, with wording similar to: "The film you are watching is a promotional copy, if you purchased this film at a retail store please contact XXXXX to report it.” If the ripper has any skill, a DVDscr are usually very good.
R5: R5 refers to a specific format of DVD released in DVD Region 5 (see bottom for DVD regions distribution), the former Soviet Union, and bootlegged (used to describe stolen audio/video recordings that are illegally sold and distributed on the Internet ) copies of these releases that are distributed on the Internet. In an effort to compete with movie piracy, the movie industry chose to create a new format for DVD releases that could be produced more quickly and less expensively than traditional DVD releases. R5 releases differ from normal releases in that they are a direct telesync transfer of the film without any of the image processing common on DVD releases, and without any special features. This allows the film to be released for sale at the same time that DVD Screeners are released .The quality is better than telesync transfers produced by movie pirates because the transfer is performed using professional-grade film scanning equipment
DVDRip: This is the copy of the final released DVD.It is of excellent quality.DVDrips are released in SVCD and DivX/XviD. Because of their high quality, DVD-Rips generally replace any earlier copies that may already have been circulating.
BR/BD Rip: Similar to DVD-Rip, only the source is a Blu-ray Disc. A BD/BR Rip in DVD-Rip size often looks better than a same-size DVD rip because encoders have better source material.
*DVD region codes: The idea behind Region Codes for DVD movies was created to control the exportation of movies to other countries, thus eliminating the possibility of purchasing a DVD movie which has yet to be played at a local movie theatre. It also allows the manufacturer to charge different prices in different regions
- R1 Region 1 :U.S.A., U.S. Territories and Canada
- R2 Region 2 : Europe, Japan, the Middle East, Egypt, South Africa, Greenland
- R3 Region 3 : Taiwan, Korea, the Philippines, Indonesia, Hong Kong
- R4 Region 4 : Mexico, South and Central America, Australia, New Zealand, Pacific Islands, Caribbean
- R5 Region 5 : Russia, Eastern Europe, India, Africa (excluding South Africa), North Korea, Mongolia
- R6 Region 6 : China
So basically a DVD player from Region 1 will only be able to play DVDs that are specifies as Region 1. Some of the DVD’s are Region free i.e it is playable throughout the world.
This list is not an exhaustible one and there are lot of other formats present, but i have limited myself to only the most common ones that one encounters.